"Severe food crisis expected to persist until 2022," report says

“Grave crise alimentar deverá persistir até 2022”, aponta relatório

The food crisis in northern Cabo Delgado is expected to persist into next year, although levels of armed violence are decreasing, a humanitarian report said Thursday..

"The 'crisis' situation (phase 03 of the CPI index, from 01 to 05) is expected to continue in Cabo Delgado" at least "until the end of the period under analysis, in January 2022," the document from the Famine Early Warning Network (Fews network), which supports the actions of government and humanitarian agencies, states.

The IPC is an international classification of the food security situation (Integrated Food Security Phase Classification) and ranges from level 01, minimum insecurity, to level 05, severe hunger.

In areas inaccessible even for humanitarian aid, due to the conflict between military and insurgent groups, "there is concern that vulnerable people" are facing more extreme situations, with "more acute food shortages indicative of emergency situations (IPC at stage 04)," he adds.

According to the document, this will be the case for inhabitants "who have taken refuge in the forest to avoid the conflict or who have been taken hostage by the insurgents."

"The conflict in Cabo Delgado is expected to continue with unchanged frequency in remote areas, while violence against civilians is expected to decrease," the document reads.

Although there will be displaced people "returning to their areas of origin, the majority will likely remain far away and dependent on the support of host family, communities, and humanitarian assistance," the analysis anticipates.

On the other hand, limited access to seeds and other agricultural products for the coming season "is also likely to increase pressure on humanitarian response resources," which, for their part, have been struggling with a lack of funding.

"In July and August, humanitarian food assistance reached some 854,000 IDPs in Cabo Delgado and Nampula," but "due to lack of funding, the World Food Programme (WFP) provided a single full ration in July to cover food assistance needs through August," the Fews network report states.

This resulted in "recipients receiving food to cover only about 39% of their daily kilocalorie needs over two months." 

In the report it is noted that WFP announced that the distribution of a single full ration would resume in September in order to cover food assistance needs until October.

Fews, the Famine Early Warning Systems Network, brings together North American organizations and serves as a tool to aid humanitarian action.

The armed conflict between military forces and insurgents in Cabo Delgado has already caused more than 3,100 deaths, according to the ACLED conflict registration project, and more than 817,000 displaced people, according to the Mozambican authorities.

The fight against the insurgents gained new momentum in August after the reconquest of Mocímboa da Praia, a village where the rebels carried out their first attack in October 2017.

Lusa Agency

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