Israel-Gaza conflict has killed 61 journalists

Conflito Israel-Gaza já resultou na morte de 61 jornalistas

The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) estimates that at least 61 journalists have died in the war between Israel and Hamas, one of the bloodiest for journalism since the organization began collecting information in 1992.

On December 1, CPJ estimated the number of dead at 54 Palestinians, four Israelis and three Lebanese, according to the report published on its website, which lists the names, dates and circumstances in which the professionals were killed.

CPJ points out that October 7 was the deadliest day for media professionals, with six deaths, followed by November 18, when five journalists died.

The organization also points to at least eleven journalists injured, three missing and 19 detained, as well as "multiple attacks, threats, cyberattacks, censorship and murders of family members".

The commission says it is continuing to investigate unconfirmed information about other journalists who have been murdered, disappeared, abandoned, injured or threatened.

"CPJ stresses that journalists are civilians who do important work in times of crisis and should not be targeted by the parties to the conflict," said CPJ Middle East Program Coordinator Sherif Mansur, quoted on the website.

"Journalists across the region are making great sacrifices to cover this distressing conflict. Those in Gaza, in particular, have paid, and continue to pay, an unprecedented price and face exponential threats," Mansur noted.

CPJ recalls that the Israeli army has acknowledged to Reuters and France-Presse that it cannot guarantee the safety of its journalists operating in the Gaza Strip.

Journalists in the Gaza Strip, the committee points out, "face particularly high risks when trying to cover the conflict during the Israeli ground assault, including devastating Israeli air strikes, disrupted communications, supply shortages and major power cuts".

The war began on October 7, after an attack by the armed wing of the Palestinian Islamist movement Hamas, including the firing of thousands of rockets into Israel and the infiltration of some 3,000 fighters who massacred more than 1,200 people, most of them civilians, and kidnapped another 240 in Israeli villages near the Gaza Strip.

In retaliation, the Israel Defense Forces launched a relentless air, land and sea offensive against the Palestinian enclave, killing more than 15,000 people, leaving around 6,000 people buried under rubble and 1.7 million displaced people facing a serious humanitarian crisis, with hospitals collapsing and no shelter, drinking water, food, medicine or electricity.

The parties ceased hostilities for a week under a truce brokered by Qatar, Egypt and the United States, but clashes resumed on Friday after a failure to reach an agreement to extend the agreement.

During the pause in fighting, 105 Hamas hostages were released in the Gaza Strip, including 81 Israelis and 24 foreigners, while Israel handed over 240 Palestinian prisoners, all women and minors, and humanitarian aid was allowed into the territory.

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