Sub-Saharan Africa could have 86M migrants due to climate change

África Subsaariana poderá ter 86M de migrantes devido a mudanças climáticas

A new World Bank (WB) report concludes that 216 million people will be forced to migrate within their own countries due to climate change, writes UN News. 

According to the study, entitled wave 2, the foci of this internal movement should appear as early as the end of this decade and intensify over the next 20 years. 

Juergen Voegele, Vice President for Sustainable Development at the World Bank, said that problems such as water shortages, falling crop yields, and rising sea levels are causing more and more people to move to other cities.  

The WB study analyzed migration effects in six regions of the world, namely Latin America, North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, South Asia, East Asia, and the Pacific.

The study says that in the worst case scenario, sub-Saharan Africa could have 86 million internal migrants if the effects of climate change are not mitigated.

In Latin America, the report estimates that 17 million people will be displaced within their own countries by the year 2050.

To reduce the migration expected in the worst case scenario, the WB recommends that countries reduce global emissions and make every effort to meet the targets under the Paris Agreement.

The WB stresses that for this operation to be effective, effective and meaningful participation of victims is also recommended, as well as fair compensation and the rights to an adequate standard of living, including housing, and an effective remedy.

The publication highlights the case of Sao Tome and Principe for a strategy by the authorities of voluntary withdrawal of vulnerable people to coastal communities after heavy flooding.According to the NGO GermanWatch in its Global Climate Risk Index, published this year, Mozambique is the world's most vulnerable country to climate change.

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